The well-being of a woman and of her newborn are interconnected, and both can be marginalized in the process of childbirth and the ensuing months. Focusing on preventing maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality is not enough. Care during this period needs to encompass basic human rights, including the rights to respect, dignity, confidentiality, information and informed consent, the right to the highest attainable standard of health, and freedom from discrimination and from all forms of ill-treatment. A woman’s autonomy should be recognized and respected, as should her emotional well-being, choices and preferences—including the right to have a companion of choice during labor and childbirth. Respect and recognition of the woman can benefit the newborn, who also has rights and requires respect and recognition. Together, the woman with her partner and family should be supported to care for and make the best decisions for their newborn