This Thematic Brief summarizes why nurturing care is essential for every newborn. It outlines the five components of nurturing care and contains examples of practical actions to create and strengthen nurturing environments for newborns, including those who are born too soon, small or sick.

The first month of life is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for children to begin the journey of unlocking their full potential. Policy-makers, health care managers, health care providers and parents can lead the transformation that is needed for every newborn to make the best start in life. In this Brief, six case studies illustrate what can be done to create a nurturing environment and enable caregivers to provide nurturing care for their newborns, starting in the health facility and continuing at home.