This technical brief provides an assessment of progress on this indicator set and presents a way forward to improve child survival. It is organized into four sections: Section 1 reviews child mortality trends and causes of child deaths; Section 2 provides a snapshot of child nutritional status; Section 3 examines coverage of select child health and nutrition interventions, with a focus on countries that are of track for SDG 3.2.1; Section 4describes how accelerations in child survival can be achieved through a primary health care approach and renewed global and country commitment to children.